raw wool processing

So with that in mind I decided not to use commercial dyes, and try food coloring and Kool-aid even though, some professionals have mentioned that they fade more easily and are more difficult to achieve the desired colors. Turn the heat up until you reach 160 degrees F minimum, and hold this temperature for 30 minutes, occasionally and very gently use the spoon to slightly stir the hot water. The processing of a raw wool fleece into weaving yarn is routine among the Navajo shepherds and weavers, or at least it once was. Any second cuts left after shearing should be removed as you skirt your fleeces. A book excerpt from Spin It: Making Yarn from Scratch By Lee Raven, Edited by Traci Bunkers (Interweave, 2003) There is much vegetable matter, manure and natural oil that must be removed. Calls for Submissions and Editorial Calendar, Address: 311 S College Ave, Fort Collins, CO, 80524. While the United States is the largest consumer of wool fabric, Australia is the leading supplier. PROCESSES At the wool processing mills, there are steps involved when converting fibre to yarn and the better the workmanship at each stage, the better the resulting cloth. Not only is it easier than the stove top method, you can save the dye bath water. While your friends and family may be wondering when you’re going to buy your first flock of sheep (perhaps you have already? The scouring of raw wool. I have watched videos where they did not measure anything and just poured contents into a pot or bowl.If you use a colander and bowl, you can save the pre-soak water to use at another time, if you store it in a jar with a lid. I wanted to gain some experience working with raw wool before I invested a lot of money into it, so two years ago I purchased several large bags of raw wool fleece of various kinds and paid $20.00 for them at a wool processing plant. Fluff and turn the wool a few times to rotate it so it will dry. Kool-aid packages Non-sweetenedI bought discount Kool-aid at Big Lots for 15 cents. Add 1/2 cup vinegar, and a drop of liquid Dawn, and 1/8 cup (salt if desired to this mixture. So it really does start in the field with the sheep. Thanks so much for stopping by~ I was happy with the colors but red is a difficult one to work with to get a bright red. Carding. ... Transform your raw fiber into something spectacular. We offer expertise in a variety of woolen mill services. I will certainly make an instructables about the process when I make it. Rub the wool with your hands to wash it thoroughly. Spin Off Editorial Staff Its length usually ranges from 1.5 to 15 inches (3.8 to 38 centimeters) depending on the breed of sheep. Before dyeing or carding the wool, stretch the wool between your fingers and separate it to remove the clumps. We aim for 4, but there are many variables. Never the type of person to even want to process my own fiber, I have recently been convinced. Turn heat on low while you prepare the pre-soak mixture. Cleaning and dying wool is neither difficult nor expensive. Breed matters. Add to the pre-soaking water, Plastic wrap,or zip lock bags, microwave safe glass jars or bowls, Plastic table cloth to protect work surface. Raw merino wool before cleaning and processing. There are wool scours scattered around New Zealand, and they handle perhaps about 5 tonnes of wool an hour in their production to produce clean scoured wool – white, free of contaminants, ready for processing. The woolen yarns produced with hand-carded fibers are warmer and fuzzier than worsted yarns—they are excellent for knitting and crocheting. Wool scouring is the only operation, other than carbonising, which is unique to the early stage processing of wool fibre. I discovered there are many different opinions and methods available. We process raw fiber into a variety of products, including roving, batts, yarn, and core-spun rug yarn. Making their own fabric isn’t enough so they start making their own yarn—and many of them even begin the exciting journey of processing their own fibers. These short fibers are spun into longer filaments to make the yarn. I dipped a ladle into the stock pot and poured the hot water into a cup and added the food coloring and mixed it thoroughly.Then I added the coloring to the stock pot, with 1 cup vinegar and salt (if you want to try) approximately 1/4 cup. I believe that is what it is called. “Light and easy” is always the key here. Our tutorial is free ... please share! Hot water is required to remove all the lanolin. Our prices are competitive with mills across the country … and we get your processed fiber to you in a timely fashion! Carefully place wool pieces in warm not hot distilled water, vinegar, and a drop of liquid Dawn, and 1/2 teaspoon salt if desired ( careful not to work the wool much) for 30 minutes. 1 year ago, Hello taimysha, Thank you so much for stopping by and commenting and sharing a picture of your project, what a clever idea for a comb! Push the fleece down gently into the water a … We also offer a variety of blending fibers including tencel, superwash merino, bamboo, seacell silk, hemp, and nylon. We really wanted to provide a single rate for each output but found that people want options. The clear descriptions and detailed illustrations will guide through the basics of wool processing. Wool and its extraction - definition Wool is one of the most important animal fibers which are used as a textile fibre. It is a protective layer of scales arrang… If you have really greasy wool (lots of lanolin), you may want to add 3/4 cup soda ash to the first wash when you add the water and soap. It also investigates the principles of detergency and entanglement. She defines fiber processing terms such as rolag (a puffy roll of fiber made with hand carders), batt (a blanket of carded wool made on a drumcarder), roving (carded wool produced by hand or industrial equipment), sliver (thinner variant of a roving), puni, and mawatas. We spent a few hours on this step, until the water was clear and the wool was clean and the soap removed. In honor of our new sampler, we decided to cover the processing of raw fleece into a finished yarn this month. Bring in or send your old wool-filled comforter, mattress topper or pillow and we'll re-card the wool, putting a new covering on so that it's ready to use for another 10-20-30 years! Gently place the wool in this mixture to soak for 30 minutes, being very careful not to mix very much or the wool could felt. Place the wool in the pre-soak solution and allow it to soak for a few minutes. Getting the raw wool squeaky clean and not felting it in the process is a challenging part of the wool processing journey. I hope to be all settled by next winter and will have a lot more room to work on a blanket. While the water is heating, Pour enough distilled water into a large bowl to cover the wool you will be dyeing. Wool dyed immediately after it … Carded wool is also easier to control in the spinning process. Then you just stick your wool into the pot and let it soak for 20-30mins. Waverley Mills is the last remaining woollen mill in Australia that’s still in full operation from raw wool to finished product. We are currently accepting wool for processing and are 4 - 6 months out, meaning if you drop your raw wool off for processing, it could take 6 months before you have a finished product. The lanolin and other contaminants are removed from the raw wool before further processing. Like most other dyes, the process is simple. I do this to keep my sanity. Our produced wool has the capacity … After using them, I am satisfied with the results for what I am using this batch for, although if the item you will be making, will be washed often, I would suggest a dye designed specifically for wool. New spinners often find using hand carders for large projects to be a tedious task. The dyed wool roving is often sold to fabric artists, and used to make needle felted animals, wet felting play mats, and beautiful home decor. . You can do this with raw wool fiber, washed fiber, carded batts, or processed wool roving and sliver.. Waverley Mills has been producing high-quality wool textiles since 1874, and whilst it may be considered young compared with its British counterparts, it was a pioneer of textile manufacturing in Australia. My son's aunt raises sheep and I was able to get a large bag of recently sheared wool from her. Add 1 -2 Tablespoons of vinegar to this solution. Who We Are: The American Wool Council is a division of the American Sheep Industry Association, which is a non-profit organization that works to improve the American wool industry and to promote the usage of American wool–both in domestic and international markets. I added a pic of my freshly dyed wool. Allow it to soak for a few minutes. The quality of wool you start the process with greatly effects the yarn you will have at the end. A rough estimate is courser wool is 140 degrees F and finer wool is 160 degrees F. Skirting table or a place to dry the wool, old towels to aide in removing excess water if you don't have a screen or skirting table. Salt has been recommended for a better overall color. I was dyeing some recently carded wool tonight but realized after coloring that it would have to be carded again bc it wasn't the same. Because there are so many options and paths for fiber to take within the mill, we have broken each process out. Start heating distilled water for a (large wool batch). Our wool has very low level of crimps. Our specialty is custom spinning of your wool into yarn. While raw cotton contains fiber, due to how cotton is harvested, it also carries small plant parts and field trash (non-lint or foreign matter) that must be removed thoroughly. Next come the buyers. Raw wool, called grease wool, contains grease and dirt that needs to be washed without agitating it too much, as this will result in felting. If you heat the water lower than boiling it will reduce the possibility of the wool felting while it is in the hot water. Greasy wool is the raw fibre harvested from sheep during shearing, before it is cleaned during the scouring process. The Process: Once we receive your order, your fiber is carefully examined on our sorting table, then tumbled to remove loose dirt and debris. While the wool is soaking, set up the work station and add 1/4 teaspoon of coloring to a small amount of hot distilled water and stir. Various camels, goats, and rabbits produce hair that is also classified as wool. The wool I used for this project was probably not a high grade wool because I had no trouble with it felting at all. the slightly-different basic colors of raw wool, and also helps to standardize staple length and diameter for uniform quality. Then place the bowls in the microwave for 2 minutes on high. Roving can be found at any local yarn store, or from several online retailers. Since I am relatively new to spinning and definitely a novice at processing wool, this eBook was a huge help to me in understanding the ins and outs, as well as different options available, to getting the fiber I want to spin with. 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raw wool processing 2021