facts about athens

The Romans, the Byzantines, the Latin crusaders, the Ottomans, and finally the modern Greek state, all left their mark on the rocky hill. It Was Settled In Prehistoric Times 1. 12. Athens is the capital of Greece. 10 Facts About Athens To Know About. That act saved it later from destruction of non Christian temples, in times of deep Theocracy. To put its age into perspective: the first... 2. Athens was part of the Ottoman Empire (1458-1832) while the rest of Western Europe was experiencing the Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution. 2.The Greeks had some strange superstitions about food – some wouldn’t eat beans as they thought t… The city was home to Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum. The first history of Athens was recorded around 3,400 years ago making it Europe's oldest capital and one of the... 2. The first history of Athens was recorded around 3,400 years ago making it Europe's oldest capital and one of the oldest cities of the world. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world as well, with recorded history going back over 3400 years. Around the tenth century B.C., the settlers form… 9. The ancient Olympic games were never actually held there. Athena was the Goddess of War, the female counterpart of Ares. According to the Greek mythology, Cecrops, who was half man and half serpent, founded Athens and became the first king. 7. 1. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. It is generally believed that the city was named after the goddess of wisdom, Athena. The city, after all, nurtured Western civilization thousands of years ago. This olive tree brought various benefits to the city and its people, such as wood, food, and oil. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). 4. In this quiz you’ll be presented with the names of 195 capital cities. The most important cities in ancient Greek were Sparta and Athens. They Say of the Acropolis Where the Parthenon Is… One of the main attractions in Athens is an ancient fortification on top of a hill in the middle of Athens. She was the daughter of Zeus; no mother bore her. Professor of Archaeology, American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1949–71. For treatment of the city in its regional setting, see Greece; historical and cultural aspects are treated further in the article ancient Greek civilization. It became capital during the reign of King Otto in 1834. Omissions? Facts about Ancient Athens will inform you about the largest city of Greece. The Ottoman T… Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The long oral tradition, alive even under the invader, has reflected and stimulated a taste for rich talk. Athens remains on the world stage to this day. The sporting event known as the "Marathon" was created for the first Modern Olympic games set in Athens in 1896. They may have shared the same cultural, religious and linguistic heritage, but they were ruled independently. Athens - Athens - The city plan: In 1833 there was almost no Athens at all. The surrounding mountains—Párnis, 4,636 feet (1,413 metres); Pentelicus (Pendéli), 3,631 feet; Hymettos (Imittós), 3,365 feet; and Aigáleon, 1,535 feet—add to the impression of barrenness. Today, the population of Athens including its parent state Attica, reaches the number of approx. The climate of the city permits outdoor activity the year round and has had an important effect on both the style of architecture and the life and political institutions of the city. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war. Of course, the poetic impulse to make a good story better leads to considerable exaggeration in daily conversation, suiting a vanity that goes with a sharp-edged sense of personal and family honour and the spoiling of children. 1. Athens also created the world's first known democracy. Athens is the second capital city of Greece. Acropolis is a rocky hill and most of … The city covers a total area of 412 square kilometers (159 square miles). Six display archaeological treasures uncovered during the metro's construction. The Parthenon was made a Christian church. Athens was the … Acropolis holds the world’s oldest weather station Here are some facts about Ancient Athens. Records show the city’s origins go back to around 3,400 years ago, also making it one of the oldest cities in the ... Athens has experienced almost every form of government. Fact 26: Athena offered the first olive tree as a gift to Athens. 8. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. Athens Facts For Kids – Ancient Greek History. 15 Incredible Facts About Athens. Greece welcomed 17,920,000 tourists into the country in 2013, many of whom visited Athens for its ancient history and... Whilst the Olympics are … The story of Athena is very similar to the story of the founding of Greece. This long history of passion and suffering has had considerable effect on the Athenian character. The reason for this, is that Ancient Greece was not a country, but a collection of independent city states. King Otto (see fact 7) changed it from the Port of Nafplio in 1834 for sentimental reasons related to the city's glorious past. She was Zeus’s favorite child. It was a recreation of the route used by the legendary runner, Pheidippides, in 490 BC to announce the Athenian victory against the Persians at the battle of Marathon 25 miles away. It was known for the amount of learning that happened there. The oldest hotel in Athens, The Grand Bretagne, was first the royal guesthouse. The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Athens is also the capital city and a centre of politics and tourism. It’s Europe’s oldest capital city. Before hosting the 2004 Olympic Games, all of the street signs of Athens had to be changed to include a Latin spelling under the Greek. Here are 10 fun facts about Athens, Greece that you might not already know: 1. Weird Fact: The first modern king of Greece was a Bavarian prince and only 17 years old. Hence, it became a symbol of Athenian economic prosperity. Athens was a powerful city in Classical times. It is located in Central Greece in the southern part of the region of Attica. The climate of Athens is benign: frost is rare (the minimum temperature is 32 °F, or 0 °C) and snow seldom lies, while the summers, though hot (maximum temperature is 99 °F, or 37 °C), are dry, and a fresh northeasterly wind often blows by day. Athens’ origins date back to 3,000 B.C. Athens, Modern Greek Athínai, Ancient Greek Athēnai, historic city and capital of Greece. It was known as a beautiful public buildings, public bath, shops, and busy city. The ancient heroes, too, were vain about both themselves and honour, boasting as much about outwitting the enemy as about outfighting him. Looking for amazing facts and informations about Athens? Athens is one of the great cities of the world. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world and has been continuously inhabited for around 7,000 years! Athens is Europe’s oldest capital. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. As of May 2019, the population of Athens is about 3 million people. 1 % Athens cradle of Western civilisation. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece #2 She is one of the twelve Olympian Gods. The people of Athens believed that no one group of people should make the laws and so citizens could choose the government officials, and vote for or against new laws. Athens is the capital and largest city in Greece, With a population of about 3,5 million people and long history, Athens stretches on a large peninsula that is protected by mountains from all sides of the horizon: Mt Egaleo to the west, Mt Parnes to the north, Mt … During German occupation (1941-1944) it was used as Nazi HQ. It is the oldest civilization where the first recorded human inhabitants were in 3000 BC. 2. It also had its own Constitution. So, let’s take a look at 12 facts about the sacred hill of Athens. Key Facts & Information Basic Facts of Athens and Sparta. Many important people wandered its streets throughout time. 1. The city center of Athens is only 15 sq miles or 39 sq kilometers. How well do you know the world’s capital cities? Fun & Interesting Facts about Athens Along with being the capital of Greece, Athens is also the capital of the Attica Periphery and the Athens Prefecture. Below you can discover eleven curiosities that are real, even if they are weird or funny, so please make sure to vote what you think is interesting! Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. Athens was at the centre of an area known as Attica. The core of that character is an implacable will to survive, buttressed by a profound sense of loyalty (especially to the family) and patriotism. One of the weird facts about Athens, is that it only became the capital city of Greece relatively recently. 3. Back then it was a small town with only 10,000 citizens. Fun Fact: Every full moon in August, the Acropolis stays open until 2am with live music and theatrical performances; it is free to all. Athens became the first in 1985. Athena is one of the 12 Olympian Gods who resided atop Mount Olympus.The Olympians are a race of deities who are a third or fourth generation of immortal beings and they were worshiped as the principal deities of the Greek pantheon.The Olympians managed to become the supreme deities after a 10 year long struggle … The Horologium and the Orthodox cathedrals, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Athens, Greece, Athens - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Athens - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life in Greece. The Greek Orthodox Church, which is directed by a synod sitting in Athens, was a main force in keeping alive the Greek language, tradition, and literature when such things were forbidden, and most people still support it. 3.8 million. Fact 27: Athena was the guardian of Athens. Many of Classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. It was also the first Greek city-state to adopt a fully democratic system of government. Other city states in Greece also applied democracy, but the records for the application were abundant in Athens. Athens did not have a king, it was ruled by the people as a democracy. 3. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). About 322 BC ) it was used as Nazi HQ has been continuously inhabited for around years! For this, is located on a peninsula that stretches southeastward into the Aegean Sea in. With an incredible history and a centre of an area known as Attica was of! 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