The Minoans built a large civilization that flourished from 2600 BC to 1400 BC. Start studying The Minoans and Mycenaeans ----Mr. Pease. They were constantly on the defensive, but they also went abroad trading or raiding. They were the Mycenaeans. The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were two different cultures that existed in Bronze Age Greece. A person that lives and works on another persons land. b. neither had large cities or grand palaces. Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations: The Minoan civilization was based on the island of Crete and flourished between 2000 to 1450 BCE. See this page about ancient history of Crete. It has a climate and culture different from that of other Bronze Age Mediterranean communities that arose both before and after. When the olive groves and vineyards produced more than was needed, the Minoans traded the surplus for goods they could not make or grow on Crete. Although they were different in many respects, which characteristic did the minoans and mycenaeans share? The best example for the contrast of artistic styles of the Minoans and Mycenaeans is displayed through the two gold cups found at the Mycenaean Vaphio tomb. Mycenaean was an ancestral Greek language, while no one as yet knows just what Minoans spoke. Mycenae was a fortified late Bronze Age city located between two hills on the Argolid plain of the Peloponnese, Greece. A Comparison of Minoan and Mycenaean Palaces. — Greece: Minoans and Mycenaeans — Greece ... whose Iliad and Odyssey were set in what we call the Bronze Age. While the Minoans focused on building relationships with other cultures in the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, the Mycenaeans fought and battled their way across the area to overtake and build their own cities and outposts. Minoans and Mycenaeans Minoans The Minoan civilization rose around 2800 B. C. on the island of Crete. The Minoans were based on Crete, located in the center of the Mediterranean Sea, about 160 kilometers (99 miles) south of the Greek mainland. Minoans The Minoans lived on the Greek islands and built huge palaces on the island of Crete. It is extremely crucial to remember that ‘Minoan’ and ‘Mycenaean’ are just labels of convenience. The Minoans were known for their free-flowing artistic decoration and showed a preference for marine and plant life. d. both built cities fortified with strong defenses 1. Likewise, how were the Minoans and Mycenaeans similar quizlet? The Mycenaeans. The Mycenaean civilization (c. 1700-1100 BCE) flourished in the Late Bronze Age, reaching its peak from the 15th to the 13th century BCE when it extended its influence not only throughout the Peloponnese in Greece but also across the Aegean, in particular, on Crete and the Cycladic islands. The Mycenaeans appear to have been greatly influenced by the Minoans of Crete in their worship of earth goddesses and sky gods, which, in time, become the classical pantheon of ancient Greece. The Minoans were Caucasian: DNA Debunks Longstanding Theory that Europe’s First Advanced Culture was from Africa. Mycenaean tholoi, on the other hand, were much larger and subterranean. The history of the Minoans show that their artwork was very different from the Mycenaeans. The Minoans were a mercantilist people involved in trade, but their culture after 1700 BC demonstrated organization without military aristocracy that was shown later. Many similarities and differences exist between palace complexes in the Minoan and Mycenaean state; however, this brief essay will argue that differences, as seen in art and architecture, signal that the Mycenaeans – while they did borrow from the Minoans – were a distinctively different culture. a. neither was ruled by a central authority. The Mycenaeans and the Minoans both reigned and traded in and around the Aegean Sea. The Mycenaean civilization transpired during the late Bronze Age or the late Helladic period around 1600 B.C. A society that once ruled the Late Bronze Age of Greece, they promptly vanished from history and slowly faded into legend. The Minoans and Mycenaeans were the first advanced, literate civilizations to appear in Europe. Although they thrived in different parts of Greece, the Aegean Sea was both of their trading roots. The Minoan and Mycenaean cultures are both early Greek cultures that . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. And the Mycenaeans themselves were closely related to the earlier Minoans, the study reveals, another great civilization that flourished on the island of Crete from 2600 B.C.E. A newly formed elite class of Minoans/Mycenaeans now ruled the island from virtually unscathed Knossos, with an increasing mainland influence detectable in Minoan art and religion. existed even before the birth of Christ . This “Third Palace Period” was a time when Crete enjoyed its greatest overseas influence. This LH II tholos tomb presented two gold cups; known as the Vaphio cups. Take a virtual tour Take a look at the craftsmanship of Minoan Crete and Mycenaean Greece, including pottery, weapons and jewellery, in Room 12. The Minoans, also known as Cretans, grew wheat, barley, grapes, and olives. The Ancient Minoans and Mycenaeans . When Mycenaeans (to be more correct: Achaeans or Danaeans) arrived in Greece circa 2,000 BCE, the Minoan were already a thriving civilization. This is evident in their modification of Minoan culture, religion, art, economic system, and bureaucracy around the period of 1420–1375 BC However, unlike other semi-barbaric cultures, the Mycenaean's approach to conquering the Minoans was different. It … The Mycenaeans seem to have inherited parts of their civilization from the Minoans. The Bronze Age of ancient Greece, which lasted from about 3000 to 1200 BCE, is the historical backdrop for much of Greek mythology as well as the Homeric epics The Iliad and The Odyssey. On the other hand, the Mycenaeans were more war and military oriented than the Minoans, as seen by their victory over the Minoans and their material culture, which will be looked at later. In fact, large number of weapons were found in the Minoan royal tombs, which may indicate the Mycenean influence. c. both shared the same system of writing. 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