The Department of State created the position of Assistant Secretary of State for Administration during a general reorganization in December 1944, after Congress authorized an increase in the number of Assistant Secretaries in the Department from four to six (Dec 8, 1944; P.L. 13 ways to abbreviate Secretary Of State. Most of the time, the work of a state secretary of state or body that oversees elections is done in the background. Elected Secretary of State in 1956, he was defeated for a third term in 1964. In three states with no lieutenant governor (Arizona,[1] Oregon and Wyoming) as well as the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico, the secretary of state is first in the line of succession in the event of a gubernatorial vacancy. In at least a half-dozen states, this record keeping authority extends to civil acts, such as marriages, birth certificates, and adoption and divorce decrees. Ministry. Secretary of state is an official in the state governments of 47 of the 50 states of the United States, as well as Puerto Rico and other U.S. possessions. The secretary of state is a state-level position in 47 of the 50 states. The Secretary of State of Illinois is one of the six elected executive state offices of the government of Illinois, and one of the 47 secretaries of states in the United States. The Office of the Secretary of the State was established by the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut adopted in 1639. The Under Secretary subsumed the duties of the Department’s Counselor, who had served as the second ranking officer in the Department since 1913. Madeleine Korbel Albright was nominated to be the first woman Secretary of State by President William Jefferson Clinton on December 5, 1996, confirmed by the U.S. Senate on January 22, 1997, and sworn in the next day. McWilliams actually held the title only two days, February 7-8, 1946. List of Secretaries of State of the United States: | | | United States| Secretary of State | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. In 37 states, the secretary of state position is elected, whereas in the others, the position is appointed by an official such as the state's governor. In about five states, the secretary of state is the official in charge of the official state museum. Georgia’s Secretaries of State. About a dozen states give the secretary of state the task of issuing professional licenses. In 37 states, the secretary of state position is elected, whereas in the others, the position is appointed by an official such as the state's governor. The data depicts the inactive registrations contained in the counties’ voter registration systems. In 1540, Henry VIII appointed two people to the office and a formal division, in the form of the offices of Secretary of State for the Northern Department and the Secretary of State for the Southern Department, was made in 1689. Secretaries of state Secretaries of Wisconsin Territory. A few states put the secretary of state in charge of the use of public property. List of the Most Eminent Cardinals Secretaries of State . SECRETARIES OF THE STATE . The office of the secretary of state is still a very important cabinet post, of course. In many other states, these duties fall under an organization such as departments of motor vehicles, transportation, or state police. In fact, cabinet positions, in general, have ceased to be pathways to the White House. The registrations on the list are current as of the date the data was generated and submitted to the Secretary of State’s office. The Deputy Secretary of State of the United States is the chief assistant to the Secretary of State. Former secretaries of state such as Henry Kissinger, James Baker and Madeline Albright shaped to a great degree the policy of their respective presidents and the trajectory of American power abroad. How to abbreviate Secretary Of State? Those states which have address confidentiality programs often place the Secretary of State in charge of administering them. And almost all states also designate (almost always in the state constitution itself) that the Secretary of State shall be the "Keeper of the Great Seal" of the state. The secretary of state also advises the president on the appointment and removal of U.S. ambassadors and diplomats, and when necessary, represents the United States in international conferences, organizations, and agencies. On September 15 of the same year, the Department and Secretary of Foreign Affairs were renamed the Department and Secretary of State.The title Secretary of State is of British origin. In 1880, Nathan C. Barnett became the first secretary of state elected by Georgia’s voters. Citizens can usually get voter registration and poll location information on websites of the Secretary of State. Need to find out where to vote? See also Category:Lists of government ministers of the United Kingdom for articles about the posts themselves. Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Vic Meyers died in Seattle on May 28, 1991. And in some states, the secretary of state has actual wide-ranging regulatory authority over businesses as well. In California, this does not extend to primary elections, or to the elections of the Governor or the Lieutenant Governor. In three states, the secretary of state is elected by the state legislature; the General Assembly of Tennessee meets in joint convention to elect the Secretary of State to a four-year term,[4] and the Maine Legislature and New Hampshire General Court also select their secretaries of state, but to two-year terms. Under Secretaries of State Congress provided for the position of Under Secretary of State in a general government appropriations act adopted on Mar 1, 1919 (40 Stat. On September 15, 1789, before Jefferson could return to take the post, … Secretaries of State of the United Kingdom, Category:Lists of government ministers of the United Kingdom, Secretaries of State of the Kingdom of England, British Secretaries of State for Commonwealth Affairs, Secretaries of State for Constitutional Affairs, Secretaries of State for the Northern Department, Secretaries of State for the Southern Department, British Secretaries of State for Dominion Affairs, British Secretaries of State for Education, British Secretaries of State for Employment, British Secretaries of State for the Environment, Secretaries of State for Exiting the European Union, First Secretaries of State of the United Kingdom, British Secretaries of State for Foreign Affairs, British Secretaries of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Secretaries of State for Health and Social Care, Secretaries of State for Health and Social Services, Secretaries of State for the Home Department, Secretaries of State for Northern Ireland, Secretaries of State for War and the Colonies, Secretaries of State for Work and Pensions, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Christopher Addison, 1st Viscount Addison, Peter Brooke, Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville, Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire, Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, Aretas Akers-Douglas, 1st Viscount Chilston, Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook, Robert Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe, George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, Ian Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar, Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone, Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, Tony Greenwood, Baron Greenwood of Rossendale, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, Frederick Leathers, 1st Viscount Leathers, Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry, John MacGregor, Baron MacGregor of Pulham Market, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:British_Secretaries_of_State&oldid=951700034, Members of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 301–600 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 April 2020, at 12:12. Card. Links to all 50 States: Secretary of State (SOS) Website, Business/Corporate Services Division, and Business Entity Searches Name of State Department (1st column) This is the main governing body of a state, usually called the Secretary of State , but may have a different name (ex: Department of State, Commonwealth, or simply, The State of…”). Dominic was first appointed Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and First Secretary of State on 24 July 2019. Besides those states which do not have separate offices for secretary of state, the states of Illinois, Kansas, Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Dakota and South Carolina have never had an appointed nor elected female secretary of state. From 1836 until 1848, what is now Wisconsin was part of Wisconsin Territory. Pages in category "British Secretaries of State" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 284 total. The secretary of state also advises the president on the appointment and removal of U.S. ambassadors and diplomats, and when necessary, represents the United States in international conferences, organizations, and agencies. This includes in most states the official copies of state documents including the actual official copy of the state constitution (and in Delaware, the state-owned copy of the United States Bill of Rights[7]) formal copies of legislative acts enacted into law, executive orders issued by the governor, and regulations and interpretations of statutes issued by state regulatory agencies. Clinton visited a record 112 countries during her time in the office, and helped foster a rapport between the US and other countries's leaders. Card. Like the corresponding officials in other states, the original charge of the secretary of state—to be the "Keeper of the Great Seal"—has expanded greatly since the office was first created. Secretaries of State. Global AIDS Coordinator The United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief Albright, Richard Deputy Assistant Secretary Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration H.Em. Earl Coe, a Democrat, was appointed Washington's ninth Secretary of State in January, 1948, by Governor Monrad Wallgren and served two terms. Secretaries of State. The Secretary of State, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, is the President's chief foreign affairs adviser. Daniel Webster, one of only two Secretaries of State to hold non-consecutive terms, served under three Presidents: William Henry Harrison and John Tyler (1841-43) and Millard Fillmore (1850-52). US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo speaks at a press conference at the State Department in Washington, DC, on October 21, 2020. Achrekar, Dr. Angeli Principal Deputy U.S. The actual duties of a secretary of state vary widely from state to state. Get the most popular abbreviation for Secretary Of State updated in 2021 Uses material from the Wikipedia article List of Missouri Secretaries of State , released under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license. 78-472; 58 Stat. 798). In most states, the secretary of state's office is a creation of the original draft of the state constitution. The prohibition of the United States Constitution[11] against individual states having diplomatic relations with foreign states is absolute; these recently evolved duties are of a purely commercial nature. The voters directly elect the secretary of state in 35 states. In Massachusets, the "secretary of state" office is instead called the "secretary of the commonwealth." [12] In Maine, this duty only applies to primary elections.[13]. He was first elected Conservative MP for … Pietro Parolin ; Statements of H.Em. In several states (including Indiana, Mississippi, Massachusetts, and Wyoming), the secretary of state is responsible for oversight of the securities industry. Currently, in 35 states, the secretary of state is elected, usually for a four-year term. Secretaries of state, or those acting in that capacity, belong to the National Association of Secretaries of State. and granting them the authority to do business within the state; registering secured transactions; and granting access to public documents. The Second Continental Congress created the office of Secretary of Foreign Affairs to head the Department of Foreign Affairs on January 13, 1781. [5] The longest serving state secretary of state in history was Thad A. Eure of North Carolina, who served from 1936 until 1989. 2005-2009: Condoleezza Rice 2001-2005: Colin L. Powell 1997-2001: Madeleine Korbel Albright 1993-1997: Warren Minor Christopher 1992-1993: Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger 1989-1992: James Addison Baker III 1982-1989: George Pratt Shultz 1981-1982: Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr. 1980-1981: Edmund Sixtus Muskie The Secretary of State of Ohio is an elected statewide official in the State of Ohio.The Secretary of state is responsible for overseeing elections in the state; registering business entities (corporations, etc.) In some of these states, and also some states without official museums, the secretary of state is designated as the official with responsibility for maintenance of the state's historical records. https://history.state.gov/departmenthistory/people/principalofficers/secretary However, in many cases responsibilities have been added by statute or executive order. Agostino Casaroli (Secretary of State from 1979 to 1990) Card. No two states have the exact same responsibilities for their secretaries of state. The Rt Hon Robert Buckland QC MP. The voters directly elect the secretary of state in 35 states. Hand in hand with this duty, in most states the Secretary of State is responsible for state trademark registration and for chartering businesses (usually including partnerships and corporations) that wish to operate within their state. Listing of websites for all 47 Secretaries of State. In others, the secretary of state is appointed by the governor with confirmation with the state's respective Senate; Florida,[2] Oklahoma, Texas, and Virginia[3] are amongst the states with this practice. The Secretary of State, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, is the President's chief foreign affairs adviser. Secretaries of State before 1848 were appointed by governors; Horace S. Cooley was both appointed by Governor French under that system, and retained in office by election under the 1848 Constitution. history.state.gov 3.0 shell. First Secretary of State is an office sometimes given to a cabinet minister in the Government … On September 15, 1789, before Jefferson could return to take the post, Washington signed into law another act which changed the name of the office from Secretary of Foreign Affairs to Secretary of State, changed the name of the department to the Department of State, and added several domestic powers and responsibilities to both the office of secretary and the department. The following is the list of Texas Secretaries of State for both the Republic of Texas and the State of Texas. If the Secretary of State resigns or dies, the Deputy Secretary of State becomes Acting Secretary of State until the President nominates and the Senate confirms a replacement. In 38 states, the ultimate responsibility for the conduct of elections, including the enforcement of qualifying rules, oversight of financial regulation and establishment of Election Day procedures falls on the secretary of state. Links to all 50 States: Secretary of State (SOS) Website, Business/Corporate Services Division, and Business Entity Searches Name of State Department (1st column) This is the main governing body of a state, usually called the Secretary of State , but may have a different name (ex: Department of State, Commonwealth, or simply, The State of…”). Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! In 1979, President Jimmy Carter established the Department of Education as a cabinet-level agency. In Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, this official is called the secretary of the commonwealth. No two states have the exact same responsibilities for their secretaries of state. The United States Secretary of Education is the head of the Department of Education.The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet, and 16th in line of United States presidential line of succession.The United States Secretary of Education deals with Education. In most cases, this is nothing more than the responsibility to affix the state seal upon the governor's proclamation. On September 15, 1789, before Jefferson could return to take the post, Washington signed into law another act which changed the name of the office from Secretary of Foreign Affairs to Secretary of State, changed the name of the department to the Department of State, and added several domestic powers and responsibilities to both the office of secretary and the department. The role oversees areas that include motor vehicle licensing, state identification, record keeping, and corporate chartering. The State Department is the only federal Cabinet-level agency with two co-equal Deputy Secretaries. The exceptions are Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Utah, Virginia and Wisconsin.[6]. Each officer holder is listed with his home county as … Henry Kissinger, our only foreign-born Secretary of State, served (1973-77) under Presidents Nixon and Ford. Find Business Services Get access to business services in all 50 states and DC - everything from corporate filings to licensing. Later that year, on July 27, President George Washington signed a law authorizing the executive department. Since the early 1980s, many states have increased efforts to develop direct commercial relations with foreign nations. The role was made in 1947. The United States Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) is the head of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). In Massachusets, the "secretary of state" office is instead called the "secretary of the commonwealth." Secretary of state is an official in the state governments of 47 of the 50 states of the United States, as well as Puerto Rico and other U.S. possessions. Listing of all Secretary of State corporate search pages, List of all Secretary of State business entity & corporate record search pages, Secretaries of State in the United States, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Secretary_of_state_(U.S._state_government)&oldid=999890129, State secretaries of state of the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 13:24. The position does not exist in Alaska, Hawaii and Utah.In Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Virginia, the office is called the secretary of the commonwealth and differs only in name. Organization such as departments of motor vehicles, transportation, or to secretary... Nicholas KAMM/POOL/AFP via Getty Images ) November 5, 2020 13 ways to abbreviate secretary state. Registrations contained in the background organization such as departments of motor vehicles transportation... 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