Keir Hardie vécut une enfance misérable. En 1893, Keir Hardie contribua à la naissance du Parti travailliste indépendant (ILP), au grand dam des libéraux qui craignaient que ce nouveau parti ne leur arrache dans l'avenir l'électorat ouvrier. Afin d'éviter la division des électeurs hostiles au gouvernement conservateur, le parti libéral renonçait à présenter des candidats contre les travaillistes dans 30 circonscriptions. Omissions? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Cette même année 1900, il fut l'un des deux seuls élus travaillistes aux élections générales. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Sa mère épousa un charpentier nommé David Hardie et la famille s'installa dans la ville industrielle de Glasgow. AKA James Keir Hardie. Au Parlement, il se fit l'avocat de l'impôt progressif sur le revenu, de l'enseignement libre, des pensions de retraite, de l'abolition de la Chambre des lords et du droit de vote des femmes. Il s'efforça d'organiser l'opposition à la guerre et soutint les objecteurs de conscience. This is the biography of former Labour leader Keir Hardie. Il fut renvoyé de son travail pour être arrivé en retard alors qu'il s'occupait de sa mère malade. Glasgow is Scotland’s largest city, and it forms an independent council area that lies entirely within the historic county of…, Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground. September 1915. Il devint député d'une circonscription du Pays de Galles, siège qu'il conserva jusqu'à sa mort en 1915. À huit ans, il était garçon de course pour un boulanger alors que ses parents étaient au chômage. Lors de son investiture à la Chambre des Communes, le 3 août 1892, Keir Hardie refusa de se plier au protocole et de revêtir la tenue officielle des parlementaires. James Keir Hardie (15 August 1856 – 26 September 1915) was a Scottish socialist and labour leader, and was the first independent labour Member of Parliament (MPs) in the UK Parliament, seven years before the start of the Labour Party.. Hardie was born in Newhouse, Lanarkshire. Moving to Ayr, he was chosen secretary of a miners’ organization. Keir Hardie at the Merthyr Olympia Skating Rink, 30 October 1914. Boycotté par les patrons du secteur minier, Keir Hardie se vit privé de toute possibilité d'embauche. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 4 novembre 2020 à 15:13. Son frère George Hardie est également un homme politique, comme par la suite sa belle-sœur Agnes Hardie. Failing to sufficiently engage the Liberals in support of organized labour, he helped form the Scottish Labour Party in 1888. Tel: 01685 721721. He worked himself to death, died of pneumonia and was a broken man as he couldn't stop it." Travaillant dans les charbonnages, il mena en 1880 la première grève des mineurs du Lanarkshire. En 1892, Keir Hardie fut invité à se présenter aux élections à West Ham, circonscription ouvrière de l'Essex. Cette même année, l'artiste écossais Henry John Dobson peignit son portrait. His father is recorded as David Hardie and the informant was his brother George Hardie. This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. In his own newspapers, The Miner (1887–89) and Labour Leader (from 1889), he expressed Christian socialist views on labour and on wider political issues. Keir Hardie soutint d'abord le Parti libéral. Il battit le candidat conservateur par 5 268 voix contre 4 036. As World War I approached, Hardie became primarily concerned with the role of labour in maintaining peace. Keir Hardie disagreed with the Labour Party over the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, as a pacifist, he tried to organize a national strike against Britain’s participation in the war and was saddened that the recruiting in Merthyr showed patriotic zeal. Child. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. James Keir Hardie was a Scottish trade unionist and politician. From 1881 he helped to form miners’ unions on a county basis, meanwhile earning his living as a journalist. Updates? "On Royalty" Paxman, J: London, Penguin, 2006, Rhondda Cynon Taff Online : Unveiling the Keir Hardie Bust, BBC News: Memorial to Labour founder Hardie, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Keir_Hardie&oldid=176233809, Personnalité du Parti travailliste (Royaume-Uni), Représentant de l'Angleterre à la Chambre des communes, Personnalité du Parti libéral (Royaume-Uni), Représentant du pays de Galles à la Chambre des communes, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Portail:Politique britannique/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Politique, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Culture et arts, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Le président du parti était Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, premier député socialiste de Grande-Bretagne et futur fondateur du Parti national écossais. Successful in the 1892 general election, he was a member of Parliament when, at Bradford, Yorkshire, in January 1893, he participated in organizing the Independent Labour Party (ILP). He began to work at age seven or eight and became a coal miner at 10. Arrêté à Londres lors d'un meeting de suffragettes, il fut relâché sur intervention du ministre de l'Intérieur. Keir Hardie vécut une enfance misérable. Keir Hardie Centenary. At the next roundabout located near Pizza Hut take the second exit out of the retail park. Sa maison natale est encore visible à Newhouse, sur la vieille route d'Édimbourg. Temperamentally unsuited to the routine administration of a group, Hardie ended his chairmanship in 1907. His failure in this effort and the decision of a majority of the Labour Party to support British participation in the war caused Hardie to withdraw in disillusion from his colleagues. Il participa à la création du Parti travailliste écossais, à Glasgow, le 25 août 1888 et en devint le premier secrétaire. Sir Keir Starmer praised the NHS today as he spoke out about the death of his mother after a long battle with a rare debilitating disease. En 1900, Keir Hardie organisa une réunion de divers syndicats et groupes socialistes d'accords pour former un Labour Representation Committee qui aboutit ensuite à la création du Labour Party en 1906. Il lança l'édition d'un journal intitulé The Miner. Ceci lui valut de nombreuses critiques, y compris au sein du parti travailliste. J. Keir Hardie, (born Aug. 15, 1856, Legbrannock, Lanark, Scot.—died Sept. 26, 1915, Glasgow), British labour leader, first to represent the workingman in Parliament as an Independent (1892) and first to lead the Labour Party in the House of Commons (1906). "Hardie saw it as a profiteering exercise as well as a loss of men. Il consacra les cinq années suivantes à la construction du mouvement travailliste et prit la parole dans de nombreuses réunions publiques. De tous les candidats, il fut celui qui recueillit le moins de voix, mais il ne se découragea pas pour autant. Mais, déçu par la politique économique de William Gladstone, il en arriva à la conclusion que les libéraux voulaient bien gagner les voix des milieux populaires mais ne pouvaient ou ne voulaient pas représenter réellement les classes laborieuses. Sylvia argues that Hardie was always a class struggle politician and more influenced by Marx than many would have credited. Cause of death: stroke. He was a founder of the Labour Party, and served as its first parliamentary leader from 1906 to 1908. He sought to bind the Second International to declaring a general strike in all countries in the event of war. As of immediate effect, and as part of our response to the Coronavirus pandemic, there will be no walk in repairs for hearing aids at Princess of Wales Hospital, Ysbyty Cwm Rhondda or Keir Hardie … The leader of the Labour Party opened up about his mother Josephine, a nurse who died just two weeks before he was elected as an MP in 2015. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Sa maison natale est encore visible à Newhouse, sur la vieille route d'Édimbourg. J. Keir Hardie, (born Aug. 15, 1856, Legbrannock, Lanark, Scot.—died Sept. 26, 1915, Glasgow), British labour leader, first to represent the workingman in Parliament as an Independent (1892) and first to lead the Labour Party in the House of Commons (1906). He founded the Scottish Labour Party in 1888, the year in which he was badly defeated in his first attempt at election to the House of Commons. Keir Hardie’s visit to India is reasonably well known, but he also stopped off in South Africa on his way home. Centenary Of The Death Of Keir Hardie . In 1893 Hardie created the Independent Labour Party (ILP) for Britain as a whole, and in 1900 the…, Glasgow, city, west-central Scotland. It is situated along both banks of the River Clyde 20 miles (32 km) from that river’s mouth on the western, or Atlantic, coast. He started working at the age of seven, and from the age of 10 worked in the Lanarkshire coal mines. You might have thought that the Boers would have welcomed him given he championed their cause during the Boer War. Sa requête fut refusée et Keir Hardie prit la parole pour attaquer la monarchie ce qui déclencha un tollé à la Chambre des Communes[1]. He never went to school. Il n'alla jamais à l'école, mais apprit par lui-même en suivant des cours du soir qui lui permirent de découvrir les œuvres de Robert Burns. Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. Au cours d'une visite aux États-Unis en 1909, il critiqua le sectarisme des radicaux américains et proposa la fusion du parti socialiste américain et des syndicats. He died in 1915 while attempting to organise a pacifist general strike. Il participa notamment au congrès de la SFIO à Paris en août 1914, qui concernait l'amendement Keir Hardie-Vaillant prévoyant une grève générale en cas de déclaration de guerre, pour imposer aux gouvernements le recours à l'arbitrage. He was a worker, with all the limitations from which no worker ever completely escapes, and with potentialities and achievements such as few … Hardie mourut dans un hôpital de Glasgow, après une série d'attaques, le 26 septembre 1915. James Keir Hardie (15 August 1856 – 26 September 1915) was a Scottish trade unionist and politician. Hardie fit la une de l'actualité en 1894 lorsqu'il proposa d'ajouter à l'adresse de félicitation du Parlement pour la naissance d'un héritier royal (le futur Édouard VIII) un message de condoléances aux familles des 251 mineurs qui venaient d'être tués par un coup de grisou à Pontypridd. Nationality: Scotland Sir Keir Starmer has lashed out after being asked what the most exciting thing he has ever done is, labelling the question 'ridiculous' given the recent death of his mother in law. En 1895, il perdit son siège. Privée de toute source de revenu, sa famille retourna dans le Lanarkshire. Keir Hardie 2021 - Biography at Wikipedia (Wiki, Age, Birthday) Keir Hardie - politician Keir Hardie was born on August 15, 1856 in Motherwell, Scotland, United Kingdom Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/J-Keir-Hardie, British Broadcasting Corporation - Biography of James Keir Hardie. Le christianisme exerça une influence importante sur son parcours politique. En avril 1888, il se présenta en tant que candidat travailliste indépendant à Mid Lanark. Unmarried at the time of Hardie’s birth, his mother, a farm servant, later married a ship’s carpenter who was an early trade unionist. He was born in Newhouse, Lanarkshire.He worked as a coal miner, but his bosses stopped him from working when he made a union. EDM number 455 in 2015-16, proposed by George Kerevan on 15/09/2015. Unlike the Fabians, who supported the war, he saw it as a capitalists’ war. No, he died on 09/26/1915, 105 years ago. Tributes were paid today to Britain’s 11-year-old world champion mini stock car driver who died following a horrific accident. Il milita aussi pour l'autodétermination de l'Inde et contre la ségrégation raciale en Afrique du Sud. From the A470 Keir Hardie University Health Park is located by entering the Cyfarthfa Retail Park from Swansea Road (third exit on the Roundabout). Death entry for Keir Hardie (35 KB jpeg) National Records of Scotland, 1915/644-12/806 By the death of Comrade James Keir Hardie labour has lost one of its most fearless and incorruptible champions, and the world one of its highest minded and purest souls… James Keir Hardie was to the labour movement a prophetic anticipation of its own possibilities. On 2 December 2006, a memorial bust of Keir Hardie was unveiled by Cynon Valley MP Ann Clwyd outside council offices in Aberdare (in his former constituency). His daughter Nan Hardie and her husband Emrys Hughes both became Provost of Cumnock ; Hughes also became Labour Member of Parliament for South Ayrshire in 1946. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th…. …miners until a major leader, James Keir Hardie, emerged from their ranks. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Date of death: 26. He started working at the age of seven, and from the age of 10 worked in the South Lanarkshire coal mines. Inquiet de la division électorale entre libéraux et travaillistes, le dirigeant libéral Henry Campbell-Bannerman poussa à un accord électoral connu sous le nom de Lib-Lab pact. He had one child, Agnes (77) . Widely regarded at the time of his death in 1915 as a failure, he is seen today as the inspirational founder of the Labour party, his name a … Is Keir Hardie still alive? Keir Hardie zodiac sign was leo. More a propaganda enterprise than a true political party, the ILP was the first socialist group having a genuine Christian, English, and working-class appeal; it was neither middle class and intellectual (as was the Fabian Society) nor specifically Marxist and thus foreign in inspiration and atheistic. Keir Hardie, né en 1856 dans le petit village écossais de Newhouse (North Lanarkshire), était le fils illégitime de Mary Keir, une servante. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. He died in Glasgow What was Keir's zodiac sign? Bien qu'issu d'un milieu athée, Keir Hardie se convertit néanmoins au christianisme et rejoignit l' Evangelical Union Church. En 1908, Keir Hardie fut remplacé par Arthur Henderson à la tête du Labour Party. Keir Hardie's younger half-brothers David Hardie, George Hardie and sister-in-law Agnes Hardie all became Labour Party Members of Parliament after his death. Les libéraux renoncèrent à présenter un candidat contre lui, mais ne lui apportèrent aucune assistance. My work has consisted of trying to stir up a divine discontent with wrong. Keir Hardie: Date of birth: 15 August 1856 North Lanarkshire: Date of death: 26 September 1915 Glasgow: Manner of death Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Gender: Male Religion: Christian Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Politician, Labor Leader. In this setting, Hardie became the eldest of a family of nine children, and his childhood, passed partly in Glasgow and partly in the Lanarkshire coalfield, was one of great hardship. He resigned in 1908 in favour of Arthur Henderson, and spent his remaining years campaigning for specific causes, such as women's suffrage, self-rule for India, and opposition to World War I. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was 59 years old when he died. 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