He has … [269] The pontiff reacted with displeasure on 13 March 2020, at the news that the Vicar General had closed all churches in the Diocese of Rome. Cardinal Bergoglio Elected Pope Francis", "Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina Named as New Pope of the Roman Catholic Church", "White smoke: Cardinals elect new pope on fifth ballot", "Pope Francis elected after supernatural 'signs' in the Conclave, says Cardinal", "Habemus Papam: New Pope, new lifestyle in the Vatican", "Pope Francis' personality begins to change routines", "Pope Francis delivers first blessing, asks world for prayers | Reuters", "Pope Francis in plea for poor as inauguration Mass held", "Pope Francis explains decision to take St Francis of Assisi's name", "New Pope Francis visits St. Mary Major, collects suitcases and pays bill at hotel", CNN Vatican analyst: Pope Francis' name choice 'precedent shattering', Pope Francis explains name, calls for church 'for the poor', "Pope Francis wants 'poor Church for the poor, "Pope Francis: How the first New World pontiff could save the church", "Vatican: It's Pope Francis, not Pope Francis I", Pope Francis charms media in first press address, "Francis once thought of taking the name John, after Pope John XXIII", "Francis drops first hint that reform may be real", "Gozitan Mgr Alfred Xuereb appointed Pope's official secretary", "Pope appoints Franciscan to religious congregation", "Pope scraps Vatican staff bonuses, directs money to charity", "Pope taps eight cardinals to lead reform", "Pope Francis sets up a group of eight cardinals to advise him", "Catholic MPs urge Pope Francis to allow ordination of married men", "Jerusalem prelate urges pope to visit holy city", "Chaldean prelate invites pope to visit Iraq", "Pope washes feet of two girls, two Muslims at youth prison", "Pope Francis makes pleas for peace on Easter Sunday", "Pope Francis delivers Easter plea for peace", "Pope Francis makes an Easter plea for peace", "Pope backs reform of US sisters' leadership conference", "Pope Upholds Reprimand of American Nuns' Group", "David Uebbing, "Pope backs reform of US sisters' leadership conference", Catholic News Agency, 15 April 2013", Vatican Ends Battle With U.S. Catholic Nuns' Group, "Francis canonises first saints of his papacy", "Pope Francis approves new constitution for Synod of Bishops", "Pope Francis, everyman pontiff: Profile", "Pope Francis faces church divided over doctrine, global poll of Catholics finds", "Poll: Catholic Beliefs at Odds With Vatican Doctrine", Vatican: Synod of Bishops – Extraordinary General Assembly – Pastoral Challenges to the Family in the Context of Evangelization – Preparatory Document, Vatican City 2013, "Roman Catholic Church refuses survey request", "New Poll: 'Faithful Catholics' an Endangered Species", "U.S. Cardinal Raymond Burke: Pope Francis opposes abortion and gay marriage", "Lombardi: No cardinal believes in changing Church doctrine", "Pope Francis condemns global 'cult of money, "Vatican bank faces review by Pope Francis commission", "BBC News – Monsignor Nunzio Scarano held in Vatican bank inquiry", "Update on the case of Mons. [345] Ploumen, who has been involved in promoting legislation supporting the legalization of abortion, stated that she believed the honor was given to her in the context of the Dutch state visit to the Vatican in June 2017 in her capacity as Minister of Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation. The encyclical was considered significant by environmentalists and church observers alike because it was not directed exclusively to Catholics, but to everyone in the world. [138] At his first media audience, the Saturday after his election, the pope spoke of Saint Francis of Assisi as "the man who gives us this spirit of peace, the poor man", and he added "[h]ow I would like a poor Church, and for the poor". [47] He settled on exploring the work of the German / Italian theologian Romano Guardini, particularly his study of 'Contrast' published in his 1925 work Der Gegensatz. [270][271], On 27 March, Francis gave an extraordinary benediction Urbi et Orbi. That is not the gospel." [87] La Stampa reported that Bergoglio was in close contention with Ratzinger during the election, until he made an emotional plea that the cardinals should not vote for him. He continued to assert Catholic doctrine, in less dramatic tone than his recent predecessors, who maintained that the Catholic Church is not a democracy of popular opinion. He attended the technical secondary school Escuela Técnica Industrial N° 27 Hipólito Yrigoyen,[23] named after a past President of Argentina, and graduated with a Chemical Technician's Diploma[7][24][25] (not a master's degree in Chemistry, as some media outlets incorrectly reported). [206], On 29 June 2013, Francis published the encyclical Lumen fidei, which was largely the work of Benedict XVI but awaiting a final draft at his retirement. Three years later, in February 2001, he was elevated to cardinal by Pope John Paul II, named the cardinal-priest of Saint Robert Bellarmino. [323][324] Catholic theologian Chad Pecknold wrote that this sentence was "puzzling, and potentially problematic". He appointed Bishop Marcello Semeraro secretary for the group and scheduled its first meeting for 1–3 October. [324], Francis has regularly been accused by conservatives of having a "soft spot" for leftist populist movements. "I prefer a Church which is bruised, hurting, and dirty because it has been out on the streets, rather than a Church which is unhealthy from being confined and from clinging to its own security," he stated. [350] John Paul was the first pope to visit Cuba. [89], As a cardinal, Bergoglio was associated with Communion and Liberation, a Catholic evangelical lay movement of the type known as associations of the faithful. ", He added: "The forgiveness of God cannot be denied to one who has repented, especially when that person approaches the Sacrament of Confession with a sincere heart in order to obtain reconciliation with the Father. He was the eldest of five children of Mario José Bergoglio (1908–1959) and Regina María Sívori (1911–1981). [119] Kirchner celebrated the national day elsewhere the following year and the Mass in the cathedral was suspended. [75], At the consistory of 21 February 2001, Archbishop Bergoglio was created a cardinal by Pope John Paul II with the title of cardinal priest of San Roberto Bellarmino, a church served by Jesuits and named for one; he was formally installed in that church the following 14 October. [336][337] During the 2016 United States presidential election, Francis said of Trump, "A person who only thinks about building walls, wherever they may be, and not building bridges, is not Christian. "The proposal of the Gospel must be more simple, profound, radiant. He was the first Pope of Latin America, the first Spanish-speaking Pope to become Pope, the first Jesuit to choose the name of Saint Francis of Assisi, and the great evangelist of Jesus’ Society. "I do not want a Church concerned with being at the center and then ends by being caught up in a web of obsessions and procedures. [156] He also wore the same iron pectoral cross that he had worn as archbishop of Buenos Aires, rather than the gold one worn by his predecessors. Ordained as a priest in December 1969, Bergoglio began serving as Jesuit provincial of Argentina in 1973. [185][186] However, in April 2015 the investigation was brought to a close. "[350] The Cuba visit "seals that accomplishment, in which he served as a bridge between two erstwhile enemies". [251], The pope presided over a fourth consistory for the elevation of five new cardinals on the afternoon of 28 June 2017. Music Album with His Words and Prayers", "Battle of the Pope Francis Biopics Begins With Two Films Shooting in Buenos Aires", "Film Review: 'Pope Francis: A Man of His Word, "The Spiritual Nearness of Wim Wenders's "Pope Francis: Man of His Word, "Francis becomes 1st pope to endorse same-sex civil unions", Vatican Web site: Official biography of Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Study Commission on the Women's Diaconate, Master of Pontifical Liturgical Celebrations, Pope Francis: Conversations with Jorge Bergoglio: His Life in His Own Words, Fine Arts and Letters of the Virtuosi al Pantheon, Pontifical Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, Institute of the Theology of the Consecrated Life Claretianum, John Paul II Pontifical Theological Institute for Marriage and Family Sciences, Pontifical Theological Faculty Teresianum, Territorial Abbey and Sanctuary of Santa Maria di Polsi, Cerreto Sannita-Telese-Sant'Agata dei Goti, Sant'Angelo dei Lombardi-Conza-Nusco-Bisaccia, Territorial Abbey of La Trinità Cava De'Tirreni, Territorial Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore, Territorial Abbacy of Santa Maria of Grottaferrata, Ukrainian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Italy, Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola, International Association of Jesuit Universities, Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe, Palace of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, Palace of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide, Conference of the Latin Bishops of the Arab Regions, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Francis&oldid=1000337645, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living people, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mario José Bergoglio and Regina María Sívori. [120] In 2006, Bergoglio helped the fellow Jesuit Joaquín Piña to win the elections in the Misiones Province and prevent an amendment of the local constitution that would allow indefinite re-elections. If a person is gay and seeks God and has good will, who am I to judge? [191][192] In the same month Francis asked parishes to provide answers to an official questionnaire[193] described as a "much broader consultation than just a survey"[194] regarding opinions among the laity. Saint Francis of Assisi abandoned a life of luxury for a life devoted to Christianity after reportedly hearing the voice of God, who commanded him to rebuild the Christian church and live in poverty. Bergoglio asked for an interview with Puerta, and had a positive impression of him. The Vatican conclave has elected Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio as Pope Francis I Who is Jorge Mario Bergoglio? 7 February 1948), the pope's only living sibling, they did not emigrate for economic reasons. [326] After Francis's visit to Cuba in 2015, Catholic Yale historian Carlos Eire spoke of a "preferential option for the oppressors" in Latin America. On his return trip from South Korea, Pope Francis discussed his own mortality with the press. I thought about you: may you be an angel of peace. [98] However, two days after the election of Francis, Jalics issued a statement confirming the kidnapping and attributing the cause to a former lay colleague who became a guerrilla, was captured, then named Yorio and Jalics when interrogated. Ordinary of the Ordinariate for the Faithful of the Eastern Rites in Argentina, full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba, Facultades de Filosofía y Teología de San Miguel, Milltown Institute of Theology and Philosophy, Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology, Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Theology of Pope Francis § Vatican II revisited, Theology of Pope Francis § Church leadership, Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, reform the U.S. In 1973, he had been appointed “Provincial” of Argentina for the Society of Jesus. Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, as a young man Bergoglio worked for a time as a bouncer and a janitor before getting training as a chemist, and working as a technician in a food science laboratory. Regina Sívori was a housewife born in Buenos Aires to a family of northern Italian (Piedmontese-Genoese) origin. Mother Teresa was the founder of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic congregation of women dedicated to helping the poor. [309], Francis has come under scrutiny in the case of Father Julio Grassi, a priest convicted of child sexual abuse. He maintains that the Church should be more open and welcoming for members of the LGBT community, and favors legal recognition of same-sex couples. [41], Bergoglio completed his final stage of spiritual training as a Jesuit, tertianship, at Alcalá de Henares, Spain, and took final, solemn vows as a Jesuit, including the fourth vow of obedience to missioning by the pope, on 22 April 1973. The Vatican said that the Pope would meet with each man individually, "allowing each one to speak for as long as they wish.". 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